The essay consists of the interpretation of a theme (humanistic, philosophical, political, social, cultural, sports, etc.) without the need to use a documentary apparatus, in a free, unsystematic and with a desire for style. It is a interlocutor speech act. The purpose of an essay is to argue real facts.
Only in the contemporary age has it reached a central position. Today it is defined as a literary genre, due to the often poetic and careful language used by the authors, but in reality, the essay can not always be classified as such. Sometimes it is reduced to a series of ramblings, most of the times of critical aspect, in which the author expresses his reflections on a certain subject or even, without any subject.
The essay, unlike the informational text, does not have a structure defined or systematized or compartmentalized in sections or lessons, so that since the Renaissance was considered a genre more open than the medieval attractants or that the sum and considered different to him Also for his artistic will of style and his subjectivity, since it does not pretend to inform, but persuade or convince. It uses the exposition-argumentative discourse modality and a kind of “soft reasoning” that has been studied by Chaim Perelman and Lucie Albrecht-Typecast in their Treatise on Argumentation.
The structure of the essay is extremely flexible, since all systematization is foreign to its essential purpose, which is to delight by exposing a point of view that does not intend to exhaust a theme, as would the literary genre merely expository of treaty; Therefore these indications are merely orientation.
It is the one that expresses the subject and the objective of the essay; Explains the content and the sub-themes or chapters covered, as well as the criteria that are applied in the text, is 10% of the essay and covers more or less 6 lines.
This part is the presentation of the topic on which the author is going to develop his own point of view, as well as the reasons why he considers it important to approach the subject. In addition, this part can present the problem that raises the subject to which we are going to give our knowledge, reflections, readings and experiences. If this arises, then the objective of the essay will be to present our point of view on that problem (its possible explanation and possible solutions). Most of the time, however, the essay raises a fairly generic topic as to delve into it with all the freedom of the one who wanders with his opinions and beliefs, but strolling through unfamiliar territory.
It contains the exposition and analysis of this one, the own ideas are raised and they are supported with information of the necessary sources: books, magazines, Internet, interviews and others. It constitutes 80% of the test. In it goes the whole developed theme, using the internal structure: 60% of synthesis, 10% of summary and 10% of commentary.
It supports the thesis, already tested in the content, and delves deeper into it, either by offering answers about something or leaving final questions that motivate the reader to reflect. This mainly uses resources such as description, narration and quotations that must be included in quotation marks in order to have with which to defend our thesis.
In this section the author expresses his own ideas on the subject, allows to give some suggestions of solution, to close the ideas that were worked in the development of the subject and to propose lines of analysis for later writings. Contemplate the other 10% of the essay, about half a page.
This last part maintains a certain parallelism with the introduction by the direct reference to the thesis of the essayist, with the difference that in the conclusion the thesis must be deepened, in the light of the expositions exposed in the development. It can be “inferred” in this, which is the way to check what was said before, explaining why it supports a topic or an opinion and the motivations that lead to develop it or better end it.